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Code Table List


Status Codes (Legal/Economic)

 CodeDescription
 EDIT Apache Tribes: Cultural Importance 
 EDIT BLM Sensitive: NM State Office (NMSO) 
 EDIT CITES Appendix I (Import & Export Permit)US Fish and Wildlife Service CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) listing. Import and Export Permits are required for this species/subspecies.
 EDIT CITES Appendix II (Export Permit Req.)US Fish and Wildlife Service CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) listing. Export permit only required for this species/subspecies.
 EDIT CITES Appendix IIIUS Fish and Wildlife Service CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) listing. International trade allowed with proper permits or certificates.
 EDIT Federal: CandidateMARCH 1996: The USFWS changed listing status of Federal Candidate species. The classification used to include Categories 1, 2, and 3. This code (106) represented Federal Candidate Category 1 listing. There is no longer a "Category" designation. Only FORMER Category 1 species are considered Federal Candidates now. FORMER Categories 2 and 3 are not considered Federal Candidate species any longer and do not have any Federal protection under this listing, though may have other federal or state designated protection. See status codes 107 and 108 for definitions. OLD DEFINITION FOR CATEGORY 1 FEDERAL CANDIDATES: Taxa for which the Fish and Wildlife Service has on file sufficient information on biological vulnerability and threat(s) to support proposals to list them as endangered or threatened species. Proposed rules have not yet been issued because this action is precluded at present by other listing activity.
 EDIT Federal: Conservation Agreement ExistsA Federal Conservation Agreement Exists either in final or draft form.
 EDIT Federal: Critical Hab. Designated (AZ)Critical Habitat is designated in Arizona. "Critical Habitat" for a threatened or endangered species means - the specific areas within the geographical area occupied by the species, at the time it is listed in accordance with the provisions of section 4 of this Act, on which are found those physical or biological features 1) essential to the conservation of the species and 2) which may require special management considerations or protection.
 EDIT Federal: Critical Hab. Designated (NM)Critical Habitat is designated in New Mexico. "Critical Habitat" for a threatened or endangered species means - the specific areas within the geographical area occupied by the species, at the time it is listed in accordance with the provisions of section 4 of this Act, on which are found those physical or biological features 1) essential to the conservation of the species and 2) which may require special management considerations or protection.
 EDIT Federal: DelistedThis species was once listed as Federal Endangered or Federal Threatened and was removed from that listing designation.
 EDIT Federal: Endangered"ENDANGERED SPECIES" means any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range other than a species of the Class Insecta determined by the Secretary of the Interior to constitute a pest whose protection under the provisions of this Endangered Species Act of 1973 would present an overwhelming and overriding risk to man.
 EDIT Federal: FORMER Candidate (C3)MARCH 1996: The USFWS changed listing status of Federal Candidate species. The classification used to include Categories 1, 2, and 3. This code (108) represented Federal Candidate Category 3 listing. There is no longer a "Category" designation. Only FORMER Category 1 species are considered Federal Candidates now. FORMER Categories 2 and 3 are not considered Federal Candidate species any longer and do not have any Federal protection under this listing, though may have other federal or state designated protection. See status codes 106 and 107 for definitions. OLD DEFINITION OF CATEGORY 3 FED. CANDIDATE LISTING; NOT VALID NOW (3/96) Taxa that once were considered for listing as threatened or endangered (in the Federal Register, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) but are no longer under such consideration, are included in Category 3. Taxa in category 3 are not current candidates for listing. Such taxa are further divided into THREE SUBCATEGORIES to indicate the reason(s) for their removal from consideration: 1) 3A: Taxa for which the Service has persuasive evidence of extinction; 2) 3B: Names that, on the basis of current taxonomic understanding (usually as represented in published revisions and monographs), do not represent distinct taxa metting the Act's definition of "species"; 3) 3C: Taxa that have proven to be more abundant or widespread than previously believed and/or those that are not subject to any identifiable threat.
 EDIT Federal: FWS Species of Concern (no longer maintained)"Species of Concern" include those for which further biological research and field study are needed to resolve their conservation status. Species of concern have no legal protection under the Endangered Species Act, however, the USFWS is concerned and would appreciate receiving any status information that is available or gathered on these species.
 EDIT Federal: Migratory Bird Treaty ActSpecies are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-711) and subject to the regulations on migratory birds contained in the subchapter B of title 50 CFR, Federal Register, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The species are protected by the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds, August 16, 1916, United States-Great Britain (on behalf of Canada), 39 Stat. 1702, T.S. No. 628; the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds and Game Mammals, February 7, 1936, United States-Mexico, 50 Stat. 1311, T.S. No. 912; the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds and Birds in Danger of Extinction, and Their Environment, March 4, 1972, United States-Japan, 25 U.S.T. 3329, T.I.A.S. No. 7990; and the Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Birds and Their Environment, United States-U.S.S.R., November 26, 1976, 92 Stat. 3110, T.I.A.S. 9073, 16 U.S.C. 703, 712.
 EDIT Federal: Nonessential Experimental PopulationThe term experimental population, as used in the context of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), means an introduced and/or designated population (including any offspring arising solely therefrom) that has been so designated, at such times as the population is wholly separate geographically from nonexperimental populations of the same species. Before authorizing release of any experimental population, the Secretary of Interior must determine that the release will further the conservation of the species, and whether or not such a population in essential to the continued existence of the species. For a nonessential experimental population (NEP), Federal agencies are not required to enter into consultation for activities that may impact the NEP, except on National Wildlife Refuges or National Park Service units. For the purposes of enforcing provisions against take of species listed under ESA, NEPs are treated as Threatened. Intentional take such as shooting or harassment are not permitted. Special rules may be developed for NEPs that allow take of the species under specified situations. Critical habitat may not be designated for NEPs.
 EDIT Federal: ProposedTaxa that are already Federally Proposed to be listed as endangered or threatened by the Fish and Wildlife Service as listed in the Federal Register, Department of the Interior. PE = Taxa already proposed to be listed as endangered. PT = Taxa already proposed to be listed as threatened.
 EDIT Federal: Recovery Plan ApprovedThe Secretary of the Interior shall develop and implement plans (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as 'recovery plans') for the conservation and survival of endangered species and threatened species listed pursuant to this section, unless he finds that such a plan will not promote the conservation of the species. The Secretary, in development and implementing recovery plans, shall, to the maximum extent practicable - incorporate in each plan: 1) a description of such site-specific management actions as may be necessary to achieve the plan's goal for the conservation and survival of the species; 2) objective, measurable criteria which, when met, would result in a determination, in accordance with the provisions of this section, that the species be removed from the list; and 3) estimates of the time required and the cost to carry out those measures needed to achieve the plan's goal and to achieve intermediate steps toward that goal.
 EDIT Federal: T & E by Similar AppearanceThe Secretary of the Interior may, by regulation of commerce or taking, and to the extent he deems advisable, treat any species as an endangered species or threatened species even though it is not listed pursuant to section 4 of the Endangered Species Act, if he finds that: A) such species so closely resembles in appearance, at the point in question, a species which has been listed pursuant to such section that enforcement personnel would have substantial difficulty in attempting to differentiate between the listed and unlisted species; B) the effect of this substantial difficulty is an additional threat to an endangered or threatened species; and C) such treatment of an unlisted species will substantially facilitate the enforcement and further the policy of the Endangered Species Act.
 EDIT Federal: Threatened"THREATENED SPECIES" means any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range, according to the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
 EDIT Federal: Warranted/PrecludedIt has been determined that listing of this species/subspecies is warranted, though precluded by other actions (e.g., Lesser Prairie Chicken, Boreal Toad).
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Apparently Secure in AZ (S4)Apparently secure in Arizona: more than 100 occurrences within the State, though it could be quite rare in some parts of the State.
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Demonstrably Secure in AZ (S5)Demonstrably secure in Arizona: more than 100 occurrences within AZ.
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Rare/Imperiled in AZ (S2)Rare in Arizona: 6 to 20 occurrences in the State or few individuals or acres within the state.
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Unranked (SNR) 
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Very Rare/Critically Imperiled in AZ (S1)Very rare in Arizona: 1 to 5 occurrences in the State or very few individuals or acres within the state.
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Vulnerable in AZ (S3)Uncommon or restricted in Arizona: 21 to 50 occurrences and found over a rather wide range within the State. Fairly common in Arizona: 51 to 100 occurrencees and found over a rather wide range within the State.
 EDIT Heritage AZ: Vulnerable to Apparently Secure (S3S4)Fairly Common: 51 to 100 occurrences and found over a rather wide range within the State.
 EDIT Heritage Global (subspecies): Apparently Secure (T4)Apparently secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
 EDIT Heritage Global (subspecies): Critically Imperiled (T1)Critically imperiled globally because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences or very few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it especially vulnerable to extinction.
 EDIT Heritage Global (subspecies): Imperiled (T2)Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences or few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range.
 EDIT Heritage Global (subspecies): Secure (T5)Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
 EDIT Heritage Global (subspecies): Vulnerable (T3)Either very rare and local throughout its range or found locally (even abundantly at some of its locations) in a restricted range (i.e.,the Mogollon Plateau, NM) or because of other factors making it vulnerable to extinction throughout its range; in terms of occurrences, in the range of 21 to 100.
 EDIT Heritage Global: Apparently Secure (G4)Apparently secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
 EDIT Heritage Global: Demonstrably Secure (G5)Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
 EDIT Heritage Global: Rare/Imperiled (G2)Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences or few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range.
 EDIT Heritage Global: Status Unknown (G?) 
 EDIT Heritage Global: Very Rare/Critically Imperiled (G1)Critically imperiled globally because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences or very few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it especially vulnerable to extinction.
 EDIT Heritage Global: Vulnerable (G3)Either very rare and local throughout its range or found locally (even abundantly at some of its locations) in a restricted range (i.e.,the Mogollon Plateau, NM) or because of other factors making it vulnerable to extinction throughout its range; in terms of occurrences, in the range of 21 to 100.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Apparently Secure in NM (S4)Apparently secure in New Mexico, with many occurrences.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Critically Imperiled in NM (S1)Critically imperiled in New Mexico because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences or very few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Demonstrably Secure in NM (S5)Demonstrably secure in New Mexico and essentially ineradicable under present conditions.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Imperiled in NM (S2)Imperiled in New Mexico because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences or few remaining individuals or acres) or because of some factor(s) making it very vulnerable to extirpation from the state.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Possibly Extirpated (SH) 
 EDIT Heritage NM: Presumed Extirpated (SX) 
 EDIT Heritage NM: Status Not Applicable in NM (SNA)Conservation status is not applicable because the species is accidental, exotic, a hybrid, etc.
 EDIT Heritage NM: Status Unknown in NM (S?) 
 EDIT Heritage NM: Unranked (SNR) 
 EDIT Heritage NM: Vulnerable in NM (S3)Rare or uncommon in New Mexico (on the order of 21 to 100 occurrences).
 EDIT HERITAGE RANKING 
 EDIT Heritage Ranking: See comments 
 EDIT Heritage Ranking: Taxon Tracked by Heritage ProgramData is being actively accumulated and entered into computerized and manual files.
 EDIT Hispanic: Cultural Importance 
 EDIT Mexico: Endangered 
 EDIT Mexico: See Comments 
 EDIT Mexico: Threatened 
 EDIT Migratory: Seasonal movement 
 EDIT Navajo Tribes: Candidate (G4)"Candidate" (Group 4) - Any species or subspecies for which the Navajo Fish & Wildlife Department does not currently have sufficient information to support their listing as G2 or G3 but has reason to consider them. The NF&WD is actively seeking information to determine if they warrant inclusion in a different group or removal from the list. They are not protected under Tribal Code but should be considered in project planning.
 EDIT Navajo Tribes: Cultural Importance 
 EDIT Navajo Tribes: Endangered (G2)"Endangered" (Group 2) - Any species or subspecies which is in danger of being eliminated from all or a significant portion of its range on the Navajo Nation.
 EDIT Navajo Tribes: Extirpated (G1)"Extirpated" (Group 1) (i.e., extinct within part of a species range)-Those species or subspecies that no longer occur on the Navajo Nation.
 EDIT Navajo Tribes: Threatened (G3)"Threatened" (Group 3) - Any species or subspecies which is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future, throughout all or a significant portion of its range on the Navajo Nation.
 EDIT Neotropical Migrant: All Winter S. of U.S. 
 EDIT Neotropical Migrant: Some Winter S. of U.S. 
 EDIT Neotropical Migrant: Winters in mature tropical forestsThese species overwinter in mature tropical forests. These species are ones that tend to shun disturbance, but may do well in second-growth tropical forest, edges, or woodlots. Unfortunately, however, deforestation in the tropics rarely leads to such habitats, but rather to vast expanses of overgrazed pastures, canefields, and the like. Reference: Erlich, Paul, David S. Dobkin, and Darryl Wheye. 1988. The Birder's Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds, New York: Simon and Schuster.
 EDIT Pueblo Tribes: Cultural Importance 
 EDIT See Comments 
 EDIT State AZ: FORMER STATUS; Candidate 
 EDIT State AZ: FORMER STATUS; Endangered 
 EDIT State AZ: FORMER STATUS; Threatened 
 EDIT State AZ: See Comments 
 EDIT State AZ: Species of Special Concern 
 EDIT State CO: EndangeredA species in immediate jeopardy of becoming extinct throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
 EDIT State CO: ExtirpatedAn animal that no longer exists in the wild in its historical habitat, but still exists elsewhere.
 EDIT State CO: See Comments 
 EDIT State CO: Special Concern Species 
 EDIT State CO: ThreatenedAn animal that is not in immediate jeopardy of extinction but is vulnerable because it exists in small numbers or is so extremely restricted throughout all or a significant portion of its range that it may become endangered.
 EDIT State NM: DelistedPreviously listed as threatened, Endangered, Endangered (Group 1), Endangered (Group 2), or Restricted under the New Mexico Wildlife Conservation Act.
 EDIT State NM: EndangeredAs used in the Wildlife Conservation Act [17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA (New Mexico Statutes Annotated) 1978]: "ENDANGERED SPECIES" "formerly called `Group 1'" means any species of fish or wildlife whose prospects of survival or recruitment within the state are in jeopardy due to any of the following factors: 1) the present or threatened destruction, modification or curtailment of its habitat; 2) overutilization for scientific, commericial or sporting purposes; 3) the effect of disease or predation; 4) other natural or man-made factors affecting its prospects of survival or recruitment within the state; or 5) any combination of the foregoing factors.
 EDIT State NM: Endemic to New MexicoSpecies or subspecies which are endemic to New Mexico (i.e., taxa which do not occur outside of the state of NM).
 EDIT State NM: FORMER Species of Greatest Conservation NeedSpecies formerly on the SGCN species list in the 2006 State Wildlife Action Plan but not retained during the 2016 revision
 EDIT State NM: Harvest: Fed. Mig. Bird PermitA Federal Migratory bird permit is required to hunt these species. This is seperate from a federal duck stamp.
 EDIT State NM: Harvest: Sm. Gm. Lic. & Duck StampSpecies harvested in NM, "Small Game Hunting License and Federal Waterfowl Stamp" required; refer to current proclamation for specifics.
 EDIT State NM: Harvested Big GameSpecies normally harvested in NM as Big Game. Refer to current proclamation for season, bag limit and license specifics. See also: New Mexico Statutes Annotated 17-2-3 Protected wildlife and game fish defined; and New Mexico Administrative Code 19.31.8 Big Game. Taxa which are extant or accidental in NM are included. Taxa which may possibly occur but have not been verified in NM are not included, although they may be protected Big Game if found in the state.
 EDIT State NM: Harvested FishSpecies generally harvested in New Mexico under state fishing license. Refer to current proclamation for season, bag limit and license specifics. See also NM Statutes Annotated 17-2-3 Protected wildlife species and game fish defined; 17-2-4 bullfrogs classed as protected species; and NM Administrative Code 19.31.4 Fisheries. Taxa which are extant or accidental in NM are included. Taxa which may possibly occur but have not been verified in NM are not included, although they may be protected game fish if found in the state.
 EDIT State NM: Harvested furbearersSpecies normally harvested in NM as Furbearers. Refer to current proclamation for season, bag limits and license specifics. See also: New Mexico Statutes Annotated 17-5-2 Fur-bearing and nongame animals defined; and New Mexico Administrative Code 19.32.1 Trapping and Furbearers.
 EDIT State NM: Harvested Small Game & WaterfowlSpecies normally harvested in NM as small game or waterfowl. Refer to current proclamation for season, bag limit, and license requirement specifics. See also: New Mexico Statutes Annotated 17-2-3 Protected wildlife species and game fish defined; and New Mexico Administrative Code 19.31.5 upland game and 19.31.6 waterfowl. Taxa which are extant or accidental in NM are included. Taxa which are possible but have not been verified are not included, although they may be protected small game if found in the state.
 EDIT State NM: Not a Game SpeciesInformal designation. Taxa not managed in NM as a game species.
 EDIT State NM: Not protected by State of NMTaxa which are afforded no protection against take by the State of New Mexico under Chapter 17 NMSA. Taxa may be protected by federal law such as Bird Treaty Act, federal Endangered Species Act, etc. Taxa are considered extant or accidental in NM. Taxa considered possible but not recorded in the state are not included.
 EDIT State NM: Provides full protectionProtection is provided these taxa under New Mexico Statutes Annotated: 17-2-3, 17-2-4, 17-2-13, 17-2-14, 17-2-15, 17-2-16, 17-2-38, 17-2-41, and 17-5-2; and New Mexico Administrative Code Title 19 Chapters 31, 32 and 33, including species or subspecies listed as Threatened or Endangered under the New Mexico Wildlife Conservation Act (17-2-37 through 17-2-46 NMSA 1978). The appropriate license or permit is required to take these taxa. New Mexico extant, accidental and native extirpated taxa are included. Taxa possible but not recorded in NM are not included although they may be protected by statute if found in the state. The New Mexico State Game Commission has the authority to control take of these taxa via licenses, seasons, bag limits and permits.
 EDIT State NM: Provides limited protectionLimited protection is provided these taxa under New Mexico Statutes Annotated: 17-2-38, 17-3-1, 17-3-26 and 17-5-5. Primarily protected from take by non-residents without the appropriate license or permit, and take as commercial bait fish. New Mexico extant, accidental and a few native extirpated taxa are coded. Taxa possible but not recorded in New Mexico are not included but may be protected by statute if found in the state.
 EDIT State NM: Recovery Plan ApprovedRecovery plan means a designated program or methodology reasonably expected to lead to restoration and maintenance of a species and its habitat. To the extent practicable, a recovery plan shall be developed for any species listed as threatened or endangered under the New Mexico Wildlife Conservation Act. To the extent practicable, the director shall develop recovery plans that include several threatened or endangered species that utilize similar habitats or share a common threat or both. A multiple-species recovery plan shall be designed to accomplish recovery of a shared habitat or reduce a common threat or both. The final recovery plan shall be presented to the Commission for its consideration no later than two years from the date the species was listed. If the Commission determines that the proposed plan has achieved objectives stated within the Wildlife Conservation Act, it shall approve the recovery plan or approve with conditions. After approval, the director shall seek cooperation with other states and countries, when appropriate, and landowners, state and federal agencies and local and tribal governments for implementation of the recovery plan.
 EDIT State NM: Regulated - FalconryNew Mexico Statutes 17-1-14 and 17-1-26 NMSA 1978 provide that the New Mexico State Game Commission has the authority to establish rules and regulations that it may deem necessary to carry out the purpose of Chapter 17 NMSA 1978 and all other acts pertaining to protected species. Falconry in covered by 19.35.1 NMAC. Species permitted for use in Falconry are adopted by Policy of the Department of Game and Fish (19.35.1.8.2 NMAC).
 EDIT State NM: RestrictedRestricted species means any listed large exotic cat species or subspecies. It is unlawful for any person to take, possess, transport, export, sell or offer for sale or ship any threatened or endangered species or subspecies, or any restricted species. New Mexico Administrative Code 19.33.1.
 EDIT State NM: See Comments 
 EDIT State NM: Sensitive taxa (informal)Taxa which, in the opinion of a qualified NMDGF biologist, deserve special consideration in management and planning, and are NOT listed threatened or endangered by the state of New Mexico. These may include taxa that are listed threatened, endangered or sensitive by other agencies; taxa with limited protection; and taxa without any legal protection. The intent of this category is to alert land managers to the need for caution in management where these taxa may be affected. Where the Department lacks inhouse expertise, the opinion of a recognized authority for the taxa will be used.
 EDIT State NM: Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN)New Mexico Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) are species that are indicative of the diversity and health of the state's wildlife that are associated with key habitats, including low and declining populations, and species of high recreational, economic, or charismatic value.
 EDIT State NM: ThreatenedAs defined in the Wildlife Conservation Act [17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA (New Mexico Statutes Annotated) 1978]: "THREATENED SPECIES" "formerly called `Group 2' means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range in New Mexico; the term may also include any species of fish and wildlife appearing on the United States list of endangered native and foreign fish and wildlife as set forth in Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 as threatened species, provided that the commission adopts the list in whole or in part.
 EDIT State OK: Category 1: Special Concern Species 
 EDIT State OK: Category 2: Special Concern Species 
 EDIT State OK: See Comments 
 EDIT State OK: State Endangered Species 
 EDIT State OK: State Threatened Species 
 EDIT State TX: See Comments 
 EDIT State TX: Species Extinct/Extirpated 
 EDIT State TX: State Endangered Species 
 EDIT State TX: State Threatened Species 
 EDIT State UT: Endangered 
 EDIT State UT: See Comments 
 EDIT State UT: Special Concern/Conservation Taxa 
 EDIT State UT: Threatened 
 EDIT TRADITIONAL CULTURAL IMPORTANCE 
 EDIT USFS Sensitive: Region 2 (CO)United State Forest Service Region 2 includes National Forests in Colorado. See code 143 for USFS Region 3 which includes National Forests and Grasslands in New Mexico, Arizona, (a few grasslands in extreme western Oklahoma), and Texas.
 EDIT USFS Sensitive: Region 3 (NM, AZ; formerly sensitive species)United States Forest Service (USFS) Region 3 includes National Forests and Grasslands in New Mexico, Arizona, (a few grasslands in extreme western Oklahoma), and Texas; (Colorado is in Region 2). This species was once, but is no longer, listed as a sensitive species for USFS Region 3.
 EDIT USFS Sensitive: Region 3 (NM,AZ)United States Forest Service Region 3 includes National Forests and Grasslands in New Mexico, Arizona, (a few grasslands in extreme western Oklahoma), and Texas; (Colorado is in Region 2).